Okay, as a First Nations student (a Native American student), I have to laugh. Yes, I understand the situation. I'm not going to bother to respond to everybody (I just skimmed).
This is general American usage: (I am in NO WAY ADVOCATING these usages)
"European-American" generally refers to someone who is from Europe. Sometimes, one parent's actually being FROM Europe suffices for a person born and raised in the US. This all depends on the morons judging people and how a person can play it off!
"African-American" tends to refer to descendants of enslaved Africans. Let's notice the interesting difference in usages here.
Let's say that I am from Moçambique (Mozambique), and that I am an American citizen. Am I an "African-American"? We would think so, but, by general American usage, NO, idiotically enough.
Now, here's what I am:
I am culturally Native American. My father is a mixed-blood Native American. His mother is Cherokee/English/Irish (and more, I'm sure, ^_^, knowing history), and his father is Creek/Cherokee/English/Irish.
My grandparents CLAIM that they are "white," yet they are otherwise Native in EVERY WAY. What really happened?
My grandfather's Creek, Creek-speaking family members lived in panhandle Florida. THEN, the US invaded "Spanish" Florida and the American Holocaust reared its ugly head in the Southeast. My family members hid out in caves in Florida Caverns State Park. Native Americans officially no longer existed in Florida. My relatives lived in Jackson County (a LARGE) area, which had a total population of about 4,000 (about the size of my high school), and officially no Native Americans (although, in reality, this area, even TODAY, has one of the highest populations of Native Americans in Florida).
They grabbed some Anglo-Irish-American guy's name and started calling themself English. This is WAY rural America, here--EVERYONE, "white" or "not" was dark. So, my family CONTINUED to lie and assimilate (ha). So, my grandfather's dad was essentially Creek, and my grandmother's mother, mixed-blood Native.
Grandmother's side is Cherokee, Irish, etc.
My mother's side is a completely different (and further complicated) story. Her grandparents came from Lithuania and Slovakia.
So, by ancestry, I am Creek, Cherokee, Irish, Lithuanian, Slovakian, and MANY other things.
Who am I?
Am I a European-American? Am I a Native American?
I *am* a Native American, PERIOD. I speak, live, and breathe the Cherokee and Creek lifestyle (and, yes, I do speak the languages, although my main first language was English, and my skills are improving every day).
My "blood quantum" (an idiotic invention of the WHITE American government in one of the many ways the American government was [and, in some ways, IS] bent on destroying Native culture) is about 1/3 First Nations. In other words, about 1/3 of my ancestors came from the First Nations.
Yet I am "white"? NOT.
See, with idiots ("white" and Native), "being" Native American goes back to your "blood quantum" and being "enrolled" in an official tribal government.
Let's be honest. There are over 7 MILLION people who are ethnically Cherokee in the world. Yet, the official "registered" population is somewhere in the neighborhood of 500,000. That leaves AT LEAST 6,500,000 ethnic Cherokees in the world. Many of us speak Cherokee and live Cherokee lifestyles, which has nothing to do with being a "savage" or living without modern technology--being Cherokee, like being ANYTHING, in terms of people, involves culture and worldview. There are PLENTY of people who have no Native ancestry and live as Native Americans, and they are accepted as such. Many of these people do not speak English. Most First Nations people do.
Now, to many idiots, I am "white" (not to put you down if you would consider me white -- you just needed a little education). ^_^ I'm talking about CLUELESS, CLOSED-MINDED MORONS.
Now, let's say that I have my Native American background turned into "African-American" ancestry. Otherwise, same background, same proportions. SUDDENLY, I become AFRICAN-American. Yet, I can't be Native American?
I think not.
Labels are stupid and limiting. Free yourself from the shackles of idiocy and colonialism and be yourself, whatever that is for you. :)
PS: I know my languages, I know my ancestral cultures, far more than most Americans do. Do yourself a favor and learn who you are. :)
PPS: Esperanto would be a great European lingua franca. However, it doesn't work as well for the rest of the non-Indo-European speaking world!
PPPS: (lol) There is more diversity in Native American languages than there has EVER been in Europe. Just look at the following link:
Now, realize that there are over 10 major language families (plus TONS of isolates and unclassified languages). People from virtually identical cultures may speak completely different languages from completely different families (compare England to Finland -- big difference). Now, within the language families, the differences are ENOURMOUS. Cherokee, one of my first languages, is an Iroquoian language. It might bode well to say that, as an Iroquoian language, the differences between English and, say, Mohawk (not geographically so far from Cherokee), might be something like the differences between English and French, or, perhaps, German. Nah. :) The differences are more like the differences between English and Gujarati!