He is gone OR he has gone?

Mina   Sat May 12, 2007 3:14 am GMT
I would like to know which is correct;

Present perfect is made with the verb TO BE or with the verb TO HAVE?
Please help.

(He IS fallen or he HAS fallen?)

SpaceFlight   Sat May 12, 2007 3:23 am GMT
Joy to the world, the lord is come.
Guest   Sat May 12, 2007 3:32 am GMT
Let's settle this with the contraction:

"He's gone" and "he's fallen".

There, problem solved!
Franco   Sat May 12, 2007 4:05 am GMT
they're both right, depending on context.
furrykef   Sat May 12, 2007 5:20 am GMT
> Joy to the world, the lord is come.

And that's about the only time an English speaker ever says "is come". ;) It's a very archaic expression.

To answer the original question: they are indeed both correct, depending on context. "He is gone" emphasizes the state/location of the person in question (that is, "he is not here"), whereas "he has gone" emphasizes the action ("he went"). Oddly enough, you can't do the same thing with "come" in Modern English. I don't know why.

If I expected to find somebody somewhere, and I know he was there a minute ago, but I get there and he isn't there anymore, I would say, "He is gone!" (Technically, I'd say "he's gone", but in this case the contraction would likely be understood to be "he is" and not "he has".) But if I ask where he went, they might reply, "He has gone to the store." (Again, "he's" would be more likely, but it would still be understood as "he has"). When "gone" is followed by a phrase such as "to the store", only "has" is possible, and "is" would be incorrect.

- Kef
Humble   Sat May 12, 2007 7:13 am GMT
HE IS GONE = He is not here now .
HE HAS GONE looks unfinished to me. He has gone to the optician's/somewhere else.
Humble   Sat May 12, 2007 7:16 am GMT
Sorry, didn't see your post; it's taken me too long to send mine. But I am happy I am right.